Archive for the ‘Fatehpur Sikri Fort’ category

Fatehpur Sikri Fort

July 4th, 2011

Fatehpur Sikri is a fort which encloses an imperial city erected by the great Mughal emperor Akbar during his reign in India. This city, which is now a ghost town, used to be an imperial place with many buildings which still stand inside this complex. Rightly named as a world heritage site by UNESCO, the Fatehpur Sikri fort is a place of must see for all Indians as well as visitors to this country. Fatehpur Sikri fort The Mughals had great influence over this country, not only due to their extensive period of reign here but also due to the cultural and architectural influence that they left in our civilization. While India has moved onto the modern era and now embraces the western culture and practices in modern times, the influence of its history is predominant in our lives and culture even today.

The history of Fatehpur Sikri revolves around how Akbar came to build this city, the construction of several buildings inside it and the abrupt end of its inhabitation during the Mughal rule.

The Fatehpur Sikri fort was commissioned to be constructed by Akbar after the birth of Jahangir as per the predictions of the Sufi saint Salim Chishti. In the honor of the saint who lived in the Sikri region, Akbar decided to build an imperial city in the Sikri region.

Unlike the Delhi and Agra forts, this fort was used for residence proposes while the other forts were mostly used for military purposes.

The Fatehpur Sikri fort consisted of a number of buildings which comprised of inner living quarter, public and private audience halls, guest houses and so forth. Surrounded by a pool known as the Anup Talab, the Emperor’s private living quarters were situated here. There was also the Daftarkhana which housed the official records and the library where he had intellectual discussions with his court men.

Jodha Bai’s palace is a large and elaborate building within the Fatehpur Sikri fort. Made for Akbar’s favorite wife, this palace was intricately constructed with Gujarati and Persian architectural designs.

Another place dedicated to another wife of Akbar was Miriam’s palace. She was a Goan by origin whom Akbar had met in the course of his conquests. The interiors of the palace are said to have been embellished with actual gold.

Diwan-e-Aam was the vast courtyard whereby Akbar made his public appearances and dispelled justice with the help of his advisors such as Birbal. Diwan-e-Khas was a private audience hall when someone needed to be heard in private and serious court discussions were held.

Thus, if you want to know about Fatehpur Sikri, it is not enough to read about it but to also witness the grandeur of its construction.

Fatehpur Sikri Sightseeing

July 4th, 2011

Fatehpur Sikri is a city located at a distance of 40 km from Agra. This city of Agra district in Uttar Pradesh was established by the emperor Akbar in honor of Sheikh Salim Chishti who was a great Sufi saint. It was also known as the capital of Mughal Empire for over 15 years, however it was abandoned in the year 1585 due to scarcity of water.

Fatehpur Sikri Sightseeing The architecture of this city plays a significant role even till today. The Emperor Akbar respected all religions and hence one can see the Islamic and Hindu architecture within the construction of the city and it is primarily built in red sandstone. Some of the important sightseeing places have been listed below. There are hired cabs and buses available for sightseeing tours in Fatehpur Sikri.

Buland Darwaza is a building that was constructed in the year 1575. It was specially built to celebrate the victory over Ahmednagar and Khandesh. This 15 storied gateway is considered as one of the tallest gateways in the world. It is situated at a distance of 45 km from Agra. This building is mostly built with red sandstone and also decorated with marble. With the evidences of Persian and Hindu architecture, Quranic captions towards the front and calligraphy design done on the inner walls adds magnificence to the structure.

Panch Mahal is another attraction of the city. Panch Mahal was essentially a palace for enjoyment of Emperor Akbar. He used it mainly for entertainment and recreation purposes. It has been structured in such a way that as you move upwards each story appears smaller than the other. It has been built on the design of the Buddhist temple.

Salim Chisti Tomb is situated at a distance of 45 km from Agra and its main attraction is the tomb and the grill work. Salim Chishti, who was a Sufi saint during the 16th century, used to live in the village of Sikri. Emperor Akbar was blessed with a son as per the prediction of the saint. The son was named after the saint as Salim and later on was known as the Emperor Jahangir Thereafter, the city Fatehpur Sikri was built out of two villages which included Fatehpur and Sikri by emperor Akbar. The tomb has numerous visitors who come to fulfill their wishes.

There are many more attractions in Fatehpur Sikri like palace of Jodha Bai, Birbal Bhawan, palace of the Christian wife Miriam, Karawan Serai and Hiran Minar, Diwan-i-khas, Diwan-i-Am and Jama Masjid etc. Several years have passed but the splendor of this city has not been discolored till date.