Fatehpur Sikri is a fort which encloses an imperial city erected by the great Mughal emperor Akbar during his reign in India. This city, which is now a ghost town, used to be an imperial place with many buildings which still stand inside this complex. Rightly named as a world heritage site by UNESCO, the Fatehpur Sikri fort is a place of must see for all Indians as well as visitors to this country. The Mughals had great influence over this country, not only due to their extensive period of reign here but also due to the cultural and architectural influence that they left in our civilization. While India has moved onto the modern era and now embraces the western culture and practices in modern times, the influence of its history is predominant in our lives and culture even today.
The history of Fatehpur Sikri revolves around how Akbar came to build this city, the construction of several buildings inside it and the abrupt end of its inhabitation during the Mughal rule.
The Fatehpur Sikri fort was commissioned to be constructed by Akbar after the birth of Jahangir as per the predictions of the Sufi saint Salim Chishti. In the honor of the saint who lived in the Sikri region, Akbar decided to build an imperial city in the Sikri region.
Unlike the Delhi and Agra forts, this fort was used for residence proposes while the other forts were mostly used for military purposes.
The Fatehpur Sikri fort consisted of a number of buildings which comprised of inner living quarter, public and private audience halls, guest houses and so forth. Surrounded by a pool known as the Anup Talab, the Emperor’s private living quarters were situated here. There was also the Daftarkhana which housed the official records and the library where he had intellectual discussions with his court men.
Jodha Bai’s palace is a large and elaborate building within the Fatehpur Sikri fort. Made for Akbar’s favorite wife, this palace was intricately constructed with Gujarati and Persian architectural designs.
Another place dedicated to another wife of Akbar was Miriam’s palace. She was a Goan by origin whom Akbar had met in the course of his conquests. The interiors of the palace are said to have been embellished with actual gold.
Diwan-e-Aam was the vast courtyard whereby Akbar made his public appearances and dispelled justice with the help of his advisors such as Birbal. Diwan-e-Khas was a private audience hall when someone needed to be heard in private and serious court discussions were held.
Thus, if you want to know about Fatehpur Sikri, it is not enough to read about it but to also witness the grandeur of its construction.